CREMARA Publications


  1. Coxeter, P.D., Del Mar, C., Hoffmann, T.C. (2017). Parents’ Expectations and Experiences of Antibiotics for Acute Respiratory Infections in Primary Care. The Annals of Family Medicine, 15(2):149-154.
  2. Sargent, L., McCullough, A., Del Mar, C., Lowe, J. (2017). Using theory to explore facilitators and barriers to delayed prescribing in Australia: a qualitative study using the Theoretical Domains Framework and the Behaviour Change Wheel. BMC Family Practice, 18(1), p.20.
  3. Coxeter, P., Del Mar, C.,  Hoffmann, T. (2017). Preparing parents to make an informed choice about antibiotic use for common acute respiratory infections in children: a randomised trial of brief decisions aids in a hypothetical scenario. Patient, Mar 4. doi: 10.1007/s40271-017-0223-2.
  4. McCullough, A.R., Pollack, A.J., Plejdrup Hansen, M., Glasziou, P.P., Looke, D.F., Britt, H.C., Del Mar, C.B., 2017. Antibiotics for acute respiratory infections in general practice: comparison of prescribing rates with guideline recommendations. The Medical Journal of Australia, 207(2), pp.65-69.
  5. Spurling, G.K., Del Mar, C.B., Dooley, L., Foxlee, R., Farley, R., 2017. Delayed antibiotic prescriptions for respiratory infections (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD004417.
  6. Tonkin‐Crine, S.K., Tan, P.S., van Hecke, O., Wang, K., Roberts, N.W., McCullough, A.,Hansen, M.P., Butler, C.C., Del Mar, C.B., 2017. Clinician‐targeted interventions to influence antibiotic prescribing behaviour for acute respiratory infections in primary care: an overview of systematic reviews. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2017, Issue 9. Art. No.:CD012252.
  7. Scott, A.M., Del Mar, C. (2017). Controlling antibiotic prescribing for lower respiratory tract infections. BMJ, 357: j2398. (Editorial)
  8. Sargent, L., McCullough, A., Del Mar, C., & Lowe, J. (2017). Delayed prescribing in primary care Reply. Australian Family Physician46(1), 6-8.
  9. Cusack, L., Desha, L., Del Mar, C., Hoffmann, T. (2017). A qualitative study exploring high school students’ understanding of, and attitudes towards, health information and claims. Health Expectations. DOI: 10.1111/hex.12562
  10. Jones, M., Del Mar, C., Doshi, P. (2017). Findings of an observational study of neuraminidase inhibitors highly sensitive to decision to exclude 1652 treated patients. Clinical Infectious Diseases, p.cix425.


  1. Leibovici, L., Paul, M., Garner, P., Sinclair, D.J., Afshari, A., Pace, N.L., Cullum, N., Williams, H.C., Smyth, A., Skoetz, N., Del Mar, C. (2016). Addressing resistance to antibiotics in systematic reviews of antibiotic interventions. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, p.dkw135.
  2. Del Mar, C. (2016). Acute sinusitis and sore throat in primary care. Aust Prescr 39(4):116-118
  3. McCullough, A.R., Ryan, C., Macindoe, C., Yii, N., Bradley, J.M., O’Neill, B., Elborn, J.S., Hughes, C.M. (2016). Behavior change theory, content and delivery of interventions to enhance adherence in chronic respiratory disease: A systematic review. Respiratory Medicine, 116:78-84
  4. van Driel, M.L., De Sutter, A.I., Habraken, H., Thorning, S., Christiaens, T. (2016). Different antibiotic treatments for group A streptococcal pharyngitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2016 Sep 11;9:CD004406
  5. Sargent, L., McCullough, A., Del Mar, C., Lowe, J. (2016). Is Australia ready to implement delayed prescribing in primary care?: A review of the evidence. Australian Family Physician, 45(9), 688.
  6. McCullough, A., Scott, A.M., Macindoe, C., Clark, J., Hansen, M.P., Beller, E.M., Aronson, J.K., Del Mar, C.B. (2016). Adverse events in patients taking cephalosporins versus placebo for any indication (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD012435.
  7. O’Sullivan J.W., Harvey R.T., Glasziou P.P., McCullough A. (2016) Written information for patients (or parents of child patients) to reduce the use of antibiotics for acute upper respiratory tract infections in primary care. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2016, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD011360


  1. C. Del Mar, T. Hoffmann (2015). Autoinflation: an effective nondrug intervention for glue ear. CMAJ: cmaj.150527. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. M. Plejdrup Hansen, T. Hoffmann, A. McCullough, M. van Driel, C. Del Mar (2015). Antibiotic resistance: what are the opportunities for primary care in alleviating the crisis? Frontiers in Public Health 3:35
  3. M.P. Hansen, J. Howlett, C. Del Mar, T.C. Hoffmann (2015). Parents’ beliefs and knowledge about the management of acute otitis media: a qualitative study. BMC Family Practice;16(1):82
  4. A.R. McCullough, J. Rathbone, S. Parekh, T.C. Hoffmann, C.B. Del Mar (2015). Not in my backyard: a systematic review of clinicians’ knowledge and beliefs about antibiotic resistance. J Antimicrob Chemother. doi:10.1093/jac/dkv164
  5. M.P. Hansen, S. Thorning, J.K. Aronson, E.M. Beller, P.P. Glasziou, T.C. Hoffmann, C.B. Del Mar (2015). Adverse events in patients taking macrolide antibiotics versus placebo for any indication (Protocol). Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD011825.
  6. T.M. McGuire, J. Smith, C.B. Del Mar (2015). The match between common antibiotics packaging and guidelines for their use in Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12385
  7. G.J. Ng, S. Tan, A.N. Vu, C.B. Del Mar, M.L. van Driel (2015). Antibiotics for preventing recurrent sore throat (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Issue 7. CD008911
  8. D.F. Looke, T. Gottlieb, C.A. Jones (2015). The global challenges of infectious diseases. The Medical Journal of Australia, 202(5), 225-226.
  9. M. Gillies, A. Ranakusuma, Hoffmann, S. Thorning, T. McGuire, P. Glasziou, C. Del Mar (2015). Common harms from amoxicillin: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials for any indication. CMAJ, 187(1):E21-31
  10. P. Collignon, P. Doshi, C. Del Mar, T. Jefferson (2015). Safety and efficacy of inactivated influenza vaccines in children. Clinical infectious diseases: an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 60(3), 489
  11. A.J. Grande, T. Hoffmann, P. Glasziou (2015). Searching for randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews on exercise. A descriptive study. Sao Paulo Medical Journal, 133(2):109-114
  12. T.C. Hoffmann, C. Del Mar (2015). Patients’ Expectations of the Benefits and Harms of Treatments, Screening, and Tests: A Systematic Review. JAMA Intern Med. 2015;175(2):274-286.
  13. A.J. Grande, J. Keogh, T.C. Hoffmann, E.M. Beller, C.B. Del Mar (2015). Exercise versus no exercise for the occurrence, severity and duration of acute respiratory infections. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD010596
  14. R.P. Venekamp, S.L. Sanders, P.P. Glasziou, C.B. Del Mar, M.M. Rovers (2015). Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD000219.
  15. A.R. McCullough, S. Parekh, J. Rathbone, C.B. Del Mar, T.C. Hoffmann (2015). A systematic review of the public’s knowledge and beliefs about antibiotic resistance. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkv310
  16. Hawke, K. L., McGuire, T. M., Ranmuthugala, G., & van Driel, M. L. (2015). What do consumers want to know about antibiotics? Analysis of a medicines call centre database. Family practice, cmv083.


  1. P. Coxeter, T. Hoffmann, C. Del Mar (2014). Shared decision making for acute respiratory infections in primary care (protocol). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Issue 1 CD010907
  2. T. Hoffmann, S. Bennett, C. Tomsett, C. Del Mar (2014). Brief training of student clinicians in shared decision making: a single-blind randomized controlled trial. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 29(6):844-849
  3. J.W. O’Sullivan, R.T. Harvey,  A. McCullough, P.P. Glasziou (2014). Written information for patients on the use of antibiotics in acute upper respiratory infections in primary care (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD011360
  4. P. Little, F.R. Hobbs, M. Moore, D. Mant, I. Williamson, C. McNulty, G. Lasseter, M.E. Cheng, G. Leydon, L. McDermott, D. Turner, R. Pinedo-Villanueva, J. Raftery, P. Glasziou, M. Mullee (2014). PRImary care Streptococcal Management (PRISM) study: in vitro study, diagnostic cohorts and a pragmatic adaptive randomised controlled trial with nested qualitative study and cost-effectiveness study. Health Technol Assess, 18(6), 1-102
  5. E. Poku, J. Rathbone, R. Wong, E. Everson-Hock, M. Essat, A. Pandor, A. Wailoo (2014). The safety of intravitreal bevacizumab monotherapy in adult ophthalmic conditions: systematic review. BMJ open, 4(7), e005244
  6. M.J. Burton, P.P. Glasziou, L.Y. Chong, R.P. Venekamp (2014). Tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy versus non-surgical treatment for chronic/recurrent acute tonsillitis. Cochrane Database Sys Rev 2014, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD001802
  7. C. Del Mar, P. Doshi, R. Hama, M. Jones, T. Jefferson, C. Heneghan, I. Onakpoya. J. Howick (2014). Neuraminidase inhibitors for influenza complications. Lancet, 384(9950),1260-1261
  8. C. Del Mar, J. Smith (2014). Preventing otitis media with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine: more data than certainty? (Editorial)The Cochrane Database Systematic Rev, 5, ED000082.
  9. T. Hoffmann, C. Del Mar (2014). Shared decision making: what do clinicians need to know and why should they bother?  (reply to Letter to the Editor) MJA 201(9) 513
  10. T.C. Hoffmann, F. Légaré, M. B. Simmons, K. McNamara, K. McCaffery, L.J. Trevena, B. Hudson, P.P. Glasziou, C.B. Del Mar (2014). Shared decision making: what do clinicians need to know and why should they bother? MJA 201(1), 35-39.
  11. T. Jefferson, M.A. Jones, P. Doshi, C. Del Mar, R. Hama, M.J. Thompson, I. Onakpoya, C.J. Heneghan (2014). Risk of bias in industry funded oseltamivir trials: comparison of core reports versus full clinical study reports. BMJ Open 2014;4:e005253
  12. T. Jefferson, M.A. Jones, P. Doshi, C.B. Del Mar, R. Hama, M. Thompson, E.A. Spencer, I. Onakpoya, K.R. Mahtani, D.Nunan, J. Howick, C.J. Heneghan (2014). Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in healthy adults and children. Sao Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina, 132(4), 256-257
  13. A.R. McCullough, J.M. Bradley (2014). Adherence to treatment in bronchiectasis: a challenge the physiotherapists can’t ignore. Journal of ACPRC 45: 38-36
  14. R.P. Venekamp, M.J. Thompson, G. Hayward, C.J. Heneghan, C.B. Del Mar, R. Perera, P.P. Glasziou (2014). Systemic corticosteroids for acute sinusitis (Review). Cochrane Database Sys Rev (3). CD008115
  15. A.R. McCullough, M.M. Tunney, J.S. Elborn, J.M. Bradley, C.M. Hughes (2014). ‘All illness is personal to that individual’: a qualitative study of patients’ perspectives on treatment adherence in bronchiectasis. Health Expectations, doi: 10.1111/hex.12217.


  1. P. Coxeter, D. Looke, T. Hoffmann, J. Lowe, C. Del Mar (2013). The antibiotic crisis: charting Australia’s path towards least resistance. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(5): 403-404,
  2. A.J. Grande, J. Keogh, T. Hoffmann, C.B. Del Mar, M.S. Peccin (2013). Exercise for acute respiratory infections (Protocol). Cochrane Database Syst Rev (Online), (6), CD010596.
  3. P. Little, F.D. Hobbs, M. Moore, D. Mant, I. Williamson, C. McNulty, Y.E. Cheng, G. Leydon, R. McManus, J. Kelly, J. Barnett, P. Glasziou, M. Mullee, on behalf of the PRISM investigators (2013). Clinical score and rapid antigen detection test to guide antibiotic use for sore throats: randomised controlled trial of PRISM (primary care streptococcal management). BMJ, 347:f5806.
  4. D.B. O’Kane, S.K. Dave, N. Gore, F. Patel, T. Hoffmann, C.B. Del Mar (2013). Urinary alkalisation for uncomplicated urinary tract infection (protocol). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD010745.
  5. R. Perera, P. Glasziou, C.J. Heneghan, J. McLellan, I. Williamson (2013). Autoinflation for hearing loss associated with otitis media with effusion. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. CD006285
  6. A. Spinks, P. Glasziou, C. Del Mar (2013). Antibiotics for sore throat. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 11. CD000023.
  7. R. Venekamp, S. Sanders, P. Glasziou, C. Del Mar, M. Rovers (2013). Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children (Review), Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 1. CD000219.


  1. C. Del Mar, P. Glasziou, J.B. Lowe, M.L. van Driel, T. Hoffmann, E. Beller (2012). Addressing antibiotic resistance: Focusing on acute respiratory infections in primary care. Australian Family Physician; 41(11): 839-840
  2. G. Hayward, M.J. Thompson, R. Perera, P. Glasziou, C. Del Mar, C.J. Heneghan (2012). Corticosteroids as standalone or add-on treatment for sore throat (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 10, CD008268.
  3. G. Hayward, M.J. Thompson, R. Perera, C.B. Del Mar, P.P. Glasziou, C.J. Heneghan (2012). Corticosteroids for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 8, CD008116.

Other publications by CREMARA staff:

Predictors of adherence in bronchiectasis (McCullough 2015)